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J Korean Gerontol Nurs > Volume 16(2):2014 > Article

Original Article

J Korean Gerontol Nurs. 2014 Aug;16(2):151-159. Korean.
Published online Aug 31, 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17079/jkgn.2014.16.2.151
© 2014 Korean Gerontological Nursing Society
Perceived Hopelessness and Family Support among Elders in Long-Term Care Hospitals
Ju Yen Kim,1and Kye Ha Kim*2
1Soonchang Geriatric Hospital, Sunchang, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Chosun University, Gwangju, Korea.

*Corresponding author: Kim, Kye Ha. Department of Nursing, Chosun University, 309 Pilmun-daero, Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759, Korea. Tel: +82-62-230-6326, Fax: +82-62-230-6329, Email: kyehakim@hanmail.net
Received May 07, 2014; Revised June 06, 2014; Accepted June 30, 2014.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was conducted to examine the perceived hopelessness and family support among elders in long-term care hospitals.


Participants were 226 elderly patients who were 65 years of age or over residing in two long-term care hospitals located in G city and J area. A structured questionnaire was used for measurement of levels of hopelessness and family support. Data were collected from February 1 to March 31, 2013. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression analysis with the IBM SPSS Statistics 21.0 version program.


The mean score for hopelessness was 3.41, and the score for family support was 3.04. Family support, economic status, and period of hospitalization accounted for 24% of the variance in hopelessness.


The findings indicate that family support and short-stay hospitalization are needed to decrease hopelessness in elderly people requiring long-term care. Individual intervention programs towards improvement in family support and shorter periods of hospitalization should be considered to decrease hopelessness.

Keywords: Aged, Family.


Table 1
General Characteristics (N=226)

Table 2
Levels of Hopelessness and Family Support (N=226)

Table 3
Hopelessness and Family Support by General Characteristics (N=226)

Table 4
Correlation between Hopelessness and Family Support (N=226)

Table 5
Predictors of Hopelessness (N=226)


This manuscript is based on a part of the first author's master thesis from Chosun University.

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