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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2010;12(2):108-118.
일 지역사회 거주노인의 수면의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인
양수정, 김진선
The purposes of this study were to examine sleep hygiene and sleep quality and to identify factors that influence sleep quality among community dwelling elders.
A descriptive correlational study was conducted. Participants were 105 community dwelling elders from a metropolitan city. Data were collected using structured questionnaires and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression analysis.
Sleep hygiene of participants was generally good. Sleeping quality was somewhat poor and the most frequently mentioned sleep disturbance was waking up to use the bathroom. Sleep quality was significantly correlated with instrumental activities of daily living, depression, and sleep hygiene. Health status, sleep hygiene, and education level were statistically significant predictors of sleep quality and these three variables accounted for 26.7% of variance in sleep quality. Elders in good health, with good sleep hygiene and a higher education level expected a better quality of sleep than their counterparts.
The results of this study indicate that educational interventions are needed to increase quality of sleep among community dwelling elders. Good sleep hygiene practices are necessary to increase sleep quality. Sleep promotion intervention programs for community dwelling elders should be developed and evaluated.
Key words: 노인, 수면의 질, 수면위생
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