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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2012;14(1):69-78.
요양병원 및 재가노인의 구강건조와 구취 및 타액 pH 수치의 상관성 연구
조은아·김계하
Correlation among Xerostomia, Halitosis, and Salivary pH in Older Adults
Cho, Eun A · Kim, Kye Ha
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to identify the levels of xerostomia, halitosis and salivary pH in older adults.
Methods
A convenience sample of 193 elders was recruited from two senior care hospitals and two senior welfare offices, one in Gwangju City and, one in Chonnam Province. We measured xerostomia, halitosis and salivary pH using a questionnaire, halimeter, and BCP test paper (pH 5.6~7.2). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson correlation with SPSS 17.0 program.
Results
There were significant differences in xerostomia according to gender (t=3.98, p<.001), education (t=3.41, p=.001), residence (t=5.47, p<.001), alcohol consumption (t=3.50, p=.003), and tooth brushing (F=4.86, p=.009), number of illnesses (F= 6.43, p<.001), and number of medications (F=7.32, p<.001). There were significant differences in salivary pH, according to marital status (t=2.06, p=.041) and residence (t=3.41, p=.001). Xerostomia was significantly correlated with salivary pH (r=-.47, p<.001).
Conclusion
The results indicate that older adults need continuous observation and nursing intervention programs for xerostomia, halitosis, and salivary pH.
Key words: Aged, Xerostomia, Halitosis, Saliva
Key words: 노인, 구강건조, 구취, 타액
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